Mason Momentum https://carterschool.gmu.edu/ en Climate change might be fueling ethnic violence. PhD candidate Emily Sample explores why https://carterschool.gmu.edu/news/2022-02/climate-change-might-be-fueling-ethnic-violence-phd-candidate-emily-sample-explores <span>Climate change might be fueling ethnic violence. PhD candidate Emily Sample explores why</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/261" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Mariam Aburdeineh</span></span> <span>Fri, 02/04/2022 - 14:49</span> <div class="layout layout--gmu layout--twocol-section layout--twocol-section--30-70"> <div class="layout__region region-first"> <div data-block-plugin-id="field_block:node:news_release:field_associated_people" class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodenews-releasefield-associated-people"> <h2>In This Story</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-associated-people field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">People Mentioned in This Story</div> <div class='field__items'> <div class="field__item"><a href="/profiles/dirviner" hreflang="und">Douglas Irvin-Erickson</a></div> </div> </div> </div> <div data-block-plugin-id="inline_block:call_to_action" data-inline-block-uuid="b580c4e6-006f-4220-8f4b-739a8c0eda71"> <div class="cta"> <a class="cta__link" href="https://carterschool.gmu.edu/"> <h4 class="cta__title">Learn more about the Carter School <i class="fas fa-arrow-circle-right"></i> </h4> <span class="cta__icon"></span> </a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="layout__region region-second"> <div data-block-plugin-id="field_block:node:news_release:body" class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodenews-releasebody"> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Body</div> <div class="field__item"><figure role="group" class="align-right"><article><div class="field field--name-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/g/files/yyqcgq191/files/2022-02/Emily%20Sample%20Headshot.jpg" width="325" height="458" alt="PhD Candidate Emily Sample stands with her arms crossed and smiles at the camera. She is wearing a black collared shirt and a golden necklace with three interconnected circles." loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div> </article><figcaption>Emily Sample. Photo by Shelby Burgess/Strategic Communications/George Mason University</figcaption></figure><p><span class="intro-text">As a junior and senior at Annandale High School in Virginia, Emily Sample spent her summers as a docent at the <a href="https://www.ushmm.org/">Holocaust Memorial Museum</a> in Washington, D.C. She was a teenager who had just lost a friend to police violence, she said, and joining the museum’s Young Ambassadors Program resonated with her. </span></p> <p><span><span>“I was fascinated and continue to be fascinated by this highly illogical idea of genocide,” said Sample, a PhD candidate at George Mason University’s <a href="https://carterschool.gmu.edu/">Carter School for Peace and Conflict Resolution</a>. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>Since then, Sample has built her career around atrocity prevention. In addition to earning a master’s in human rights and genocide studies from Kingston University London, she has worked as a genocide scholar and educator for <a href="https://hmh.org/">Holocaust Museum Houston in Texas</a>. She currently works for the <a href="https://fundforpeace.org/">Fund for Peace</a>, where she said she supports their portfolio on human rights and international peacebuilding.</span></span></p> <figure class="quote"><span><span>“The best way to prevent genocide is to help make violence not an option,” Sample said, explaining that an “us-versus-them” mentality can develop when people believe there is scarcity of resources, and are manipulated into thinking ethnic violence is an answer.</span></span></figure><p><span><span>She’s further studying this at Mason, with a case study in West Nile, Uganda, where she lived and conducted research while enrolled at Kingston. Her dissertation examines structural mass atrocity prevention through the lens of climate change adaptation and gender.</span></span></p> <figure role="group"><article><div class="field field--name-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/g/files/yyqcgq191/files/2022-02/Emily%20Sample%20in%20Uganda.JPG" width="725" height="544" alt="Emily Sample stands shoulder-to-shoulder with her researcher partner Lina Zedriga in Uganda in 2013." loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div> </article><figcaption>Emily Sample (right) and her research partner Lina Zedriga in Uganda in 2013. Photo provided.</figcaption></figure><p><span><span>“If we make the climate better, if we empower women and have better access to clean water, then [Ugandans] will not be forced into making decisions about whether or not their family lives and the next family dies,” said Sample, who is interviewing Ugandans over Zoom. </span></span></p> <h3><span><span>Sample is also looking at the effects of environmental racism, where negative environmental impacts disproportionately affect people of color. </span></span></h3> <p><span><span>“The day-to-day life of someone in Uganda may be much more impacted [by climate change than a Westerner’s] because they’re having to adjust their farming season, and the type of seeds and livestock they’re buying,” she said. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>These impacts have gendered implications, Sample said, as women often tend the gardens, cook, and walk to retrieve water.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>Increasing education and environmental justice, such as reparations for environmental racism, while reducing scarcity fears, could alleviate many atrocity issues, she said.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>Sample said she came to Mason because she wanted to dive deeper into the genocide prevention field.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>“My hometown university has one of the best [conflict resolution] programs in the country,” said Sample, who also works with Mason’s <a href="https://carterschool.gmu.edu/research-and-impact/programs-and-projects/raphael-lemkin-genocide-prevention-program#:~:text=Located%20at%20the%20Center%20for,and%20other%20Mass%20Atrocity%20Crimes.">Raphaël Lemkin Genocide Prevention Program</a><strong><span>.</span></strong></span></span></p> <p><span><span>“The Carter School is extremely unique in how many scholar-practitioners we have,” she said. “They integrate students into their work in unique and really pivotal ways that allow students to become practitioners.”</span></span></p> <h3><span><span>Though the PhD journey is demanding, Sample said her studies have been worthwhile.</span></span></h3> <p><span><span>“Every single professor is approachable, interesting and has contributed to me seeing the world in a variety of different ways,” she said. </span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>“Emily is a rising star in genocide studies and conflict resolution, and the nexus of these fields with the practice of peacebuilding,” said </span><a href="https://carterschool.gmu.edu/profiles/dirviner">Douglas Irvin-Erickson</a><span>, director of Mason’s Genocide Prevention Program.</span> <span>“She’s a brilliant social analyst with many years of ethnographically informed research experience, and her deeply rooted sense of justice endears her to those with whom she works the closest.”</span></span></span></p> <figure role="group"><article><div class="field field--name-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/g/files/yyqcgq191/files/2022-02/Ugandan%20Men%20Chat%20with%20Emily%20Sample%20Over%20Zoom.jpg" width="725" height="543" alt="Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, Emily Sample conducts her research over Zoom. Two Ugandan men are shown sitting at a table and talking to Sample via Zoom on an iPhone. " loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div> </article><figcaption>Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, Sample conducts interviews for her dissertation virtually. Here, two Ugandan men communicate with her from Africa via Zoom using a smartphone (bottom right). Photo provided.</figcaption></figure></div> </div> </div> <div data-block-plugin-id="field_block:node:news_release:field_content_topics" class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodenews-releasefield-content-topics"> <h2>Topics</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-content-topics field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Topics</div> <div class='field__items'> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/176" hreflang="en">Carter School for Peace and Conflict Resolution</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1121" hreflang="en">PhD</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/286" hreflang="en">Students</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/106" hreflang="en">Peacebuilding</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/571" hreflang="en">Genocide</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1101" hreflang="en">mass violence</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/656" hreflang="en">Violence</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1116" hreflang="en">Climate Change</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/951" hreflang="en">global climate change</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1111" hreflang="en">climate change; global warming</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1126" hreflang="en">pandemic</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/91" hreflang="en">Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter School for Peace and Conflict Resolution</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1141" hreflang="en">Africa</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1131" hreflang="en">Virtual</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/976" hreflang="en">Racism</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/651" hreflang="en">Gender</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1136" hreflang="en">Women and Gender Studies</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1106" hreflang="en">Raphael Lemkin Genocide Prevention Program</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/391" hreflang="en">Research</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1096" hreflang="en">Mason Momentum</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Fri, 04 Feb 2022 19:49:37 +0000 Mariam Aburdeineh 2696 at https://carterschool.gmu.edu New exhibit highlights the hidden work of African American naturalists https://carterschool.gmu.edu/news/2022-01/new-exhibit-highlights-hidden-work-african-american-naturalists <span>New exhibit highlights the hidden work of African American naturalists </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/246" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Colleen Rich</span></span> <span>Wed, 01/05/2022 - 16:45</span> <div class="layout layout--gmu layout--twocol-section layout--twocol-section--30-70"> <div class="layout__region region-first"> </div> <div class="layout__region region-second"> <div data-block-plugin-id="field_block:node:news_release:body" class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodenews-releasebody"> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Body</div> <div class="field__item"><article><div class="field field--name-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/g/files/yyqcgq191/files/2022-01/Screen%20Shot%202022-01-05%20at%204.56.23%20PM.png" width="1200" height="817" alt="black and white photo of harriett tubman" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div> </article><p><span><span><span>George Mason University scholars from the </span><a href="https://jmjp.gmu.edu/"><span>John Mitchell, Jr. Program for History, Justice, and Race</span></a><span> at the </span><a href="https://carterschool.gmu.edu/"><span>Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter School for Peace and Conflict Resolution</span></a><span> and the </span><a href="https://science.gmu.edu/academics/departments-units/environmental-science-policy"><span>Department of Environmental Science and Policy</span></a><span> (ESP) of the <a href="https://science.gmu.edu/">College of Science</a> have teamed up to create an online exhibit highlighting and acknowledging the hidden history of enslaved naturalists. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><a href="https://carterschool.gmu.edu/profiles/cchavis2"><span>Charles Chavis</span></a><span>, assistant professor of conflict resolution and history at the Carter School, and </span><a href="https://science.gmu.edu/directory/travis-gallo"><span>Travis Gallo</span></a><span>, assistant professor in ESP, were awarded a $20,000 grant from the </span><a href="https://www.nps.gov/orgs/1892/africanamericanhistorycommission.htm"><span>National Park Service’s 400 Years of African American History Commission</span></a><span> to research, design and create "The Enslaved Naturalist" exhibit. Housed in the </span><a href="https://jmjp.gmu.edu/exhibits/"><span>John Mitchell, Jr. Program Digital Museum</span></a><span> and curated by Chavis, Gallo, Mason doctoral student Laura Brannan, and researcher Ajanet Rountree, "The Enslaved Naturalist" is the Mitchell Program’s flagship exhibit. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Between 1619 and 1863, enslaved and free African Americans contributed significantly to the current understanding of natural history, particularly in the United States. But their stories are not included in American classrooms, textbooks, or discussions. Men like Henry David Thoreau, John Muir, Carl Linnaeus, and Aldo Leopold have places in the accepted narratives—but folks like Harriet Tubman, Jenny Dugan, Brister Freeman, and York have been intentionally excluded.</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>The exhibit aims to promote narrative change by introducing learners of every age and background to the complex and expansive contributions that enslaved African Americans have made to our understanding of, and inextricable relationship with, the natural environment. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>The exhibit is buoyed by original research and scholarship, alongside oral history interviews with Pauline Copes Johnson (great-great-grandniece of Harriet Tubman), Rita Daniels (great-great-great grandniece of Harriet Tubman), Ranger Angela Crenshaw (Maryland Park Service), Dr. Iris Barnes (Lillie Carroll Jackson Museum), and Chris Haley (Maryland State Archives). Oral histories for this exhibit were coordinated by Jack Del Nunzio, oral history coordinator and research historian at the John Mitchell, Jr. Program, with support from Joshua O’Neal.  </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>The curators also recognize the support of the </span><a href="https://secure-web.cisco.com/1vNDdtMSvjzBgTQfv4PeoPfeavZRcUdiVtvS3UCYtBUtrjxHaC0kwcuYfgBHJG4nYsFNmMZnF4YvyGYSPzhflLcf_BEQatgjDABIHLixpcAhAIztxqq78XanEWBsqY_6jFei7vldcJUG8ktVZ35ohWKvMalTLKdHPQiWcYAo7fZfu1XB7Hep1QPvxPRSK2cV_rL-uwGnh6XuVPbPUEHEKcnYimjkWG7MGzwLVC4UpOmeeV9p3TDJwduEX0rXuVvwVnE5WZqScjGOzaxvr6LESb748zbXiPGY_aRFYs8oSvo7JLuUz0VKFpXQ7PCwecGStDvhE1fZEcSzt6SMwBykjGSJYi2B1dWtDYcT_-e0D4-bZb_-jTMZobm9-BuQoShUiOFaH9OsOvT7O4dlB2YiN06Tz_w_FUM6kV08bO3j67C_XDGjmHGX1UoP3vZSlVp8OVQyYNY7bK3ojr-nfEsIbCA/https%3A%2F%2Fwww.harriettubmanlearningcenter.org%2F"><span>Harriet Tubman Learning Center</span></a><span> to the success of this exhibit.</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>“This online exhibit creatively merges compelling visual artwork, scholarly research, primary documents, a digital map, and embedded interviews with expert historians and original oral histories with the descendants of Harriet Tubman," said RJ Ramey of <a href="https://secure-web.cisco.com/1dNN1uOQ6LWe9x0AI1-ajA-U8ubb_Lstjkcz9aDrB9svJZA6dKRr9AJqUQJdRSesm1deknzVLdnArDDOhhOT5mwg80Y79hKBNn4U6Oxl4HWdPqc-GTmhmg7dhaH7k5-OGt3idHNsMPxh0rTgBXEfdALxJz1gn52h1x3yfd2O-4STJ2N7Gf7t8UOC2JeLizrQvR5AfMlyoT39ozC4K8DAgpGFpErfB0LT8wenI8qKNIJmxFh2waF-2UnXN2z5FPTL9F3Di8rsxi1qjjC3Zqw5iHK8M1vWkvkuTxv9YZVy6RjSh05VZkJRsBWpwP7UUN-pS4qXrxxbIUBPNg24pR470-Q2i1JSrSlXAp3bp2WvLUv6aU29qndg0c9zt06zrCZNGUSPguCbL4ZGLYeCllVqkKauw1pQohBmeKbubwL1kNi_yPUmFKtRYvROgp-GNKMTxAg2aPwL82f0iouJB3Wrz6A/https%3A%2F%2Ffindauut.com%2F">auut studio</a>, an industry-leading digital humanities studio that helped to design exhibit. "The project’s exploration of the enslaved man York, for example, brings numerous direct entries to light from the journal of William Clark. An interactive map allows readers to locate the eight islands that, to this day, bear the name of York as they were named by the expedition.” </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>This project joins a recent movement within the United States and the world, seeking to amplify the voices of people of African descent who have been historically suppressed. For example, on October 17, 2021, the organization</span><a href="https://secure-web.cisco.com/1J3eyoAFhQewgtjR_WNh6QvEpgYDPaw8_d7ChviAJo7mbf7joVv5BihVua7XhmEqk6pYszkgOQi-N4HS1eqD4MjuSQI0ZtUQCy-mTmQpdnZfpHyCX7sW6mFVF_136fGHzx_lOQbqpKXI0AgEp7jjl86UK4Q0yFTudjIbCC0aYCh3DPe1b57G5JYJvTTOzXgHifCuI4jf1O-xKFvKcggufdZBkufeurccyoAXLp_-oceNdR7yLaMC6Lrz37-Dvr8eflzNuwU2hkkpvXbu59I9qgrwMJubZ7EIzjR72J-SUyKVuGoFXTzVyLlSfW5VbONQrGb6qk-Kfdf8tBYJT_oMjGuyKQr7MCLOMsaEmM-r45BVr3-gd3sBl3ffUr6617V8m3mvnwc7r-IiB7S3zpuKl-hVNg0oFlhpPm1S6cxvmd6DGCLCzD2w4YkCCJMt30QatUCiGKrgjaTJA2Snx0-_V1g/https%3A%2F%2Fwww.blackinnhms.org%2F"> <span>Black in Natural History Museums</span></a><span> launched the Twitter campaign #BlackInNHM to begin sharing stories of enslaved people that contributed to current scientific knowledge and the evolution of natural history museums. "The Enslaved Naturalist" shares the same objectives: to highlight and celebrate individuals who have been historically excluded from natural history lessons. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Chavis and Gallo said they hope that educators, students, and amateur naturalists will all take something away from this exhibit. Educators will have access to resources that allow them to further diversify their educational materials, and students and young naturalists will be exposed to broader representation in the fields of natural history, botany, ecology, wildlife science, and conservation. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>In the near future, the Mitchell Program will be partnering with like-minded organizations, such as the </span><a href="https://www.nps.gov/index.htm"><span>National Park Service</span></a><span> and the </span><a href="https://secure-web.cisco.com/1vNDdtMSvjzBgTQfv4PeoPfeavZRcUdiVtvS3UCYtBUtrjxHaC0kwcuYfgBHJG4nYsFNmMZnF4YvyGYSPzhflLcf_BEQatgjDABIHLixpcAhAIztxqq78XanEWBsqY_6jFei7vldcJUG8ktVZ35ohWKvMalTLKdHPQiWcYAo7fZfu1XB7Hep1QPvxPRSK2cV_rL-uwGnh6XuVPbPUEHEKcnYimjkWG7MGzwLVC4UpOmeeV9p3TDJwduEX0rXuVvwVnE5WZqScjGOzaxvr6LESb748zbXiPGY_aRFYs8oSvo7JLuUz0VKFpXQ7PCwecGStDvhE1fZEcSzt6SMwBykjGSJYi2B1dWtDYcT_-e0D4-bZb_-jTMZobm9-BuQoShUiOFaH9OsOvT7O4dlB2YiN06Tz_w_FUM6kV08bO3j67C_XDGjmHGX1UoP3vZSlVp8OVQyYNY7bK3ojr-nfEsIbCA/https%3A%2F%2Fwww.harriettubmanlearningcenter.org%2F"><span>Harriet Tubman Learning Center</span></a><span>, to produce and distribute K-12 curriculum as a companion to "The Enslaved Naturalist" exhibit. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>The exhibit will remain a work-in-progress. Moving forward, Gallo will mentor an undergraduate researcher through Mason’s Office of Student Scholarship, Creative Activities and Research (OSCAR). This student will have the opportunity to develop narratives about Black naturalists and expand the number of subjects covered by the exhibit. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>"For two centuries, these naturalists did not receive the just rewards and recognition for their contributions," said Gallo. "Now is the time to acknowledge their place as early naturalists and rectify the way we teach about the great contributors to our modern world."</span></span></span></p> </div> </div> </div> <div data-block-plugin-id="field_block:node:news_release:field_content_topics" class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodenews-releasefield-content-topics"> <h2>Topics</h2> <div class="field field--name-field-content-topics field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Topics</div> <div class='field__items'> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/91" hreflang="en">Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter School for Peace and Conflict Resolution</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/686" hreflang="en">John Mitchell Jr Program for History Justice and Race</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/516" hreflang="en">College of Science</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/391" hreflang="en">Research</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1096" hreflang="en">Mason Momentum</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Wed, 05 Jan 2022 21:45:52 +0000 Colleen Rich 2656 at https://carterschool.gmu.edu